The San, the Khoi and Bakgalagadi
The Khoi (or Khoikhoi or Hottentot), the San and Bakgalagadi are spread across much of the southern Africa region.
In Botswana there are three San groups, twelve Khoi groups and more than five Bakgalagadi sub-groups.
The San communities
The Khoi communities
Amongst the many Khoi groups, there are five that stand out as the larger, distinctive and more popular communities.
Other Khoi groups include the Kui, Ora, Ganda, Haise, Xam, Thoa and Haba.
The Bakgalagadi community
Bakgalagadi or Bakgalagari are a Bantu group just like the Batswana, Bakalanga and Batswapong ethnic groups. They are a section of the Batswana of Sotho-Tswana origins.
In fact Kalahari Desert and Kgalagadi District derive their names form the Bakgalagadi.
'Bakgalagadi' means people of the Kgalagadi or Kalahari.
Just like the Khoi and the San, Bakgalagadi migrated into Botswana and settled in the Kalahari Desert. All the three groups spread across the entire area of both Gantsi and Kgalagadi Districts.
There are many sub-groups that belong to the Bakgalagadi. These include the Bashaga, Bangologa, Baphaleng, Bakgwatheng, Bakhena and Balala.