The president of Botswana is both head of state and government.
The current president of Botswana is Ian Khama Seretse Khama. He took over the presidency on 1st April 2008 when Festus Mogae stepped down.
As the second child and first son of Sir seretse Khama, the first president of Botswana, Ian Khama became the paramount chief of the Bamangwato tribe.
Ian Khama was born in Chertsey, Surrey in England during the period his father was in exile as a result of his marriage to Ruth Khama, a Briton, which the apartheid South African government opposed.
A qualified pilot, Ian Khama served in the Botswana army from 1977 until he retired in 1998 and went into politics. He was made Vice President to Festus Mogae after he overwhelmingly won a by-election in Serowe in July 1998.
When Festus Mogae took over the presidency from Sir Quett Masire in April 1994, Ian Khama could not be made Vice President as he did not hold a seat in the National Assembly.
Central and Local government
The central government made of Ministries has executive powers within the Botswana's governance structure. It is the principal authority in developing and driving Botswana's socio-economic and cultural policies and programmes.
The local government falls within the Ministry of Local Government which has 5 town councils and 9 district councils. The District Commissioners who head the district councils, play an administrative role, and are assisted by elected and nominated councillors and district development committees.